Climate Change and Extreme Weather

Climate is a vital environmental impact on ecosystems. Changing climate affects ecosystems in a range of ways. Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns that last for an extended period of time. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as a change in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, and limit in sea ice extent and rise in sea level. These modifications have already had an observable impact on biodiversity at the species level, in the time period of phenology, distribution & populations, and ecosystem stage in terms of distribution, composition & function. There are a number of techniques and equipment to determine the impact of climate alternate on biodiversity and fields but are used more loosely and encompass a variety of strategies in the discipline of biodiversity and climate change. These latter models need to become more prominent as climate envelops modeling often supply species exposure to local weather change and thus only one facet of vulnerability.