The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The field of Geosciences deals with the study of geography, the lithosphere, and the substantial scale structure of the Earth's inside and in addition the environment, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Commonly, Earth Scientists utilize devices from geology, chronology, material science, physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of how the Earth functions and advances. The four fundamental territories of Geoscience are geography, oceanography, meteorology, and space science. However, Geology is the investigation of the Earth, including the materials that it is made of the chemical processes and physical processes that occur on its surface and in its interior, and the historical backdrop of the planet and its living things. The Knowledge of changes in the planet and the existence it harbors; through the span of time is a critical piece of geography.
The term geophysics, literally the material science of the Earth and its condition in space is, naturally, a highly interdisciplinary field. It incorporates hypothetical examinations, numerical demonstration, observational investigations, and laboratory experiments. The examination tends to address key comprehension of the dynamics of the solid earth system, and related hazards from earthquakes, volcanism, tsunamis and in addition cosmogenic geochronology, geomorphology and electromagnetic interactions of planetary bodies. Geophysics explore is inalienably interdisciplinary and is directed as a team with common and natural building, material science, geochemistry, geography, and microbiology.
Planetary geography, alternatively known as astrogeology or exogeology, is a planetary science discipline concerned with the topography of the celestial bodies, for example, the planets and their moons, space rocks, comets, and shooting stars. It is likewise firmly connected with Earth-based geography. This is a very exciting time for planetary science, with new information being returned by spacecraft from the Moon, Mars, Venus, and Saturn, with forthcoming missions to Jupiter, Pluto, several asteroids and a comet, and with planets presently being discovered orbiting other stars. There is also considerable scientific interest in the likelihood of life somewhere else in the universe. On this course learn more about this and build up your insight into the close planetary system and its astronomical context.
The rapid improvement and integration of spatial innovations, such as Geographic Information Systems, the Global Positioning System, and remote sensing, have created much new equipment for Extension professionals; however have also widened the "digital divide," leaving many with little understanding of the innovation and potential applications. This session offers examples of Extension-related applications of GIS-GPS-RS advancements and discusses how to go about learning more and identifying whether these technologies would be valuable. There is a wide range of features and phenomena that can be monitored with the use of Earth observation data. Thus, Earth observation data furnish a powerful tool for the monitoring of natural and human-induced processes, such as biogeochemical cycles, land cover changes, climatic variability, and climate change. In this context, we note the significance of global mapping and recognize the efforts in developing global environmental observing systems. This topic spotlights on the extraction of information mainly derived from optical satellite information, which can be used for understanding ecosystem processes from a large spatial and temporal perspective for studying the ecosystems to better understand both natural systems and human impact on them.
Initially, Humans acquired information of the waves and currents of the seas and oceans in pre-historic times. Despite all this, human knowledge of the oceans remained restricted to the topmost few fathoms of the water and a small amount of the bottom, primarily in shallow areas. Oceanography, otherwise called oceanology, which covers an extensive variety of subjects, including biological aspects of the ocean. It is associated with the Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of assorted chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and over its breaking points.
Water is one of our most vital common assets. Without it, there would be no life on earth. The supply of water accessible for our utilization is limited by nature. In spite of the fact that there is a lot of water on earth, it isn't generally in the right place, at the ideal time and of the right quality. Adding to the issue is the increasing evidence that chemical wastes inappropriately disposed of yesterday are showing up in our water supplies today. Hydrology has developed as a science because of the need to understand the complex water frameworks of the Earth and take care of water issues. Hydrology has been a subject of investigation and engineering for centuries. The regions of research inside hydrology concern the development of water between its different states, or inside a given state, or basically measuring the amounts in these states in a given region. Parts of hydrology concern developing techniques for specifically estimating these streams or measures of water, while others concern displaying these procedures either for logical information or for making a forecast down to earth application. The principal subject of hydrology is that water circulates throughout the Earth through various pathways and at various rates.
Biodiversity or Biological diversity describes the range of living beings on earth. In short, it's represented the degree of variation of life. Biological diversity encompasses organism, plants, animals, and ecosystems like coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts etc. Biodiversity ensures natural sustainability for all life on the planet. Some drivers of biodiversity loss are localized, such as overexploitation. Others are global, like Climate change, while many operate at a variety of scales, like the native impacts of invasive species through global trade. Most of the responses assessed here were designed to address the direct drivers of Biodiversity loss. However, these drivers are higher seen as symptoms of the indirect drivers, such unsustainable patterns of consumption, demographic modification, and globalization. Focusing solely on values at just one level usually hinders responses that might promote values at all levels or reconcile conflicts between the levels. Effective responses operate across scales, addressing global values of biodiversity recognizing opportunity expenses or synergies with native values. Difficulties in estimating biodiversity have sophisticated assessments of the impact of response techniques. Developing higher indicators of biodiversity would enhance integration among strategies and instruments.
Environmental pollution is a broad concept which explains the pollution of various biological and physical elements of the planet as a result of human activities. Going by means of this definition, it can be categorized into a variety of types. When we speak about the different types, we generally refer to the pollution of air, water, and land. What we fail to understand, is the truth that this concept also includes noise pollution, thermal pollution, and radiation pollution. The factors which contribute to environmental pollution exist in plenty. That, however, is a quick explanation, and each of these is reasons of pollution which are attributed to several human activities. But it seems like we are now not aware of the reality that we ourselves are not protected from the hazardous consequences of the same. It's high time we acknowledge the fact that we are the ones who are responsible for this problem, and being the most sensitive species, the need is on us to take the initiative to protect our planet and control the damage made to save the environment. That, however, is solely feasible when we recognize that the pollution of various organic and physical factors of the environment is affecting us and threatening our existence.
A natural hazard is a threat of a naturally occurring event will have a negative impact on humans, which we name a natural disaster. Natural and man-made hazards may be droughts, desertification, floods, fires, earthquakes, and dispersion of radioactive gases in the atmosphere. They have vast social, environmental and economic impacts. Early warning systems are fundamental aspects of quick and informed decision-making that can help to make the emergency response neighborhood with sufficient lead time to take effective preparatory measures and to quickly determine and coordinate the course of action all through the response phase. This session explains the strategies of extensive work to monitor the situation, assess risks and potential impacts, and forecast future events in order to help prevent these phenomena from occurring or to restrict their impact.
The field of Environmental and Marine Sciences explains the natural, chemical, biological, and geological processes in the marine environment in order to draw conclusions related to the exploitation of its natural resources, acquire firstly knowledge of marine engineering, in order to understand the interaction between the sea and the human structures concerning the marine environment such as coastal structures, floating means and secondly knowledge on the economy and legislation of marine and coastal activities, in order to understand the issues related to the them. This session will further elaborate on the cutting-edge technology to collect and analyze data about the world around us.
The Earth's atmosphere has been changing all through the history. An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is primarily due to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the air. The gases trap heat within the atmosphere, which can have a range of effects on ecosystems, inclusive of rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and droughts that render landscapes more susceptible to wildfires. Even small increases in Earth’s temperature caused by means of local weather change can have severe effects. While consensus amongst nearly all scientists, scientific organizations, and governments is that climate change is happening and is triggered by means of human activity, a small minority of voices questions the validity of such assertions and prefers to cast doubt on the preponderance of the evidence. Climate change deniers often claim that recent adjustments attributed to human activity can be viewed as a phase of the natural variations in Earth’s local weather and temperature that it is tough or impossible to set up a direct connection between climate change and any weather event, such as a hurricane. While the latter is generally true, decades of information and evaluation assist the actuality of weather change—and the human factor in this process.
Climate is a vital environmental impact on ecosystems. Changing climate affects ecosystems in a range of ways. Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns that last for an extended period of time. Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as a change in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, and limit in sea ice extent and rise in sea level. These modifications have already had an observable impact on biodiversity at the species level, in the time period of phenology, distribution & populations, and ecosystem stage in terms of distribution, composition & function. There are a number of techniques and equipment to determine the impact of climate alternate on biodiversity and fields but are used more loosely and encompass a variety of strategies in the discipline of biodiversity and climate change. These latter models need to become more prominent as climate envelops modeling often supply species exposure to local weather change and thus only one facet of vulnerability.
Healthy ecosystems depend on plant and animal species as their establishments. When a species becomes endangered, it is an indication that the biological community is gradually falling apart. Each species that is lost triggers the loss of other species within its ecosystem. With a firm grasp of the significance of threatened and endangered species, we need to ensure that they are protected. The conservation of endangered species is necessary for humans as well. A well-balanced ecosystem purifies the environment, giving us clean air to breathe, a healthy water system to support numerous marine life, and arable land for agricultural production. In this session, as an individual, you can make a difference by finding out and raising awareness about endangered species across the world. A sustainable way to do that is to get involved as a volunteer, partnering with governments and associations on existing projects. Not only is this a great way to learn about wildlife conservation, yet you will gain hands-on, professional field experience, which can be difficult to obtain. This is a valuable opportunity for those interested in scientific research and wildlife conservation, as well as those interested in international and community development, political science, and policy analysis.
The Environmental health proposed to refer the scientific understanding of the relationships between environment, place and human health, taking account of population and socio-economic differences. The scientific community’s definition of “environmental health” likewise has changed in recent years. Presently the definition of environmental health is much broader, and researchers are considering the effects on human health of the physical and social environment, which includes troubles associated to urban and rural development, appropriate uses of land, pesticide use, public transportation systems, and industrial development. While considerable attention has been paid to the public-health-related impacts, relatively little research has been done to understand how other aspects of the built environment impact health. This session explains the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially influence health and furthermore about the strategies to reduce localized difficulties in existing and developing centers are required to enable larger health benefits from smart growth to be realized.
Recycling is processing used materials into new, beneficial products. This is adapted to reduce the use of raw substances that would have been used. Recycling also uses less energy and a great way of controlling air, water, and land pollution. It focuses on the optimum utilization of natural assets with social responsibility, by way of emphasizing on recycling and waste management. The conference targets at unearthing the current innovations and traits in this area with a view to check the global warming. It covers countless key elements in this subject including research on categories which focuses on Waste management, raw materials, Sanitary engineering, Resource efficiency, human biodegradable waste, Incineration, hazardous waste materials, organic scientific waste, resource recovery, Biological reprocessing and Co-processing.
Ecology and Conservation consist of an extensive foundation in Biology and specifically covers the ecology of terrestrial and aquatic environments, the system of evolution and speciation, adaptive physiology of plants and animals, populace biology, molecular ecology, biodiversity, sustainability and conservation issues, and behavioral ecology. Our topic is aimed at understanding the impact of human activities on biodiversity, each within ecosystems and communities, and, genetically within populations and species. We focus on identifying the drivers behind modifications in biodiversity and determine the influences of these changes on ecosystem characteristic and species ecology, interactions, and behavior.
Our cluster is comprised of experts in a variety of taxonomic groups including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates, and plants. We apply novel, innovative methods and new technologies in multi-disciplinary approaches, from molecular ecology to social science, to tackle research questions that can be applied to practical conservation biology.
Ecology and Conservation Biology is about the ecosystems across the planet that is under threat, and what we can do to save them. You’ll learn greater about the interactions between humans, animals, plants and the Earth’s atmosphere, covering topics such as biodiversity, climate change, and environmental management.
Environmental Sustainability is a multi-disciplinary, focussed at maintaining the quality of our planet through biological and eco-friendly methods. It covers Environmental Science, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, and Agriculture Sciences which report discoveries related to sustenance and remediation of ecosystems. The 'environmental', 'social' and 'economic' are considered to be the three pillars of sustainability. But Environmental sustainability is the context within which social and economic life happen. Also, social inequity directly affects environmental viability. “Sustainability” we tend to think of renewable fuel sources, decreasing carbon outflows, protecting environments and a way of keeping the delicate ecosystems of our planet in balance. The conference will target contemporary issues such as biodegradation, bioremediation, reclamation of barren/ stress systems, combating climate change, green fuels, sustainable agriculture, organic food production, etc. further will discuss the insights into most aspects of the human world from business to technology to environment and the social sciences and also about how to protect our natural environment, human and ecological health, while driving innovation and not compromising our way of life.
An Environmental Management is a set of processes and practices that enable to reduce its environmental effects and increase its operating efficiency. An Environmental Management is a framework that helps to achieve its environmental goals through consistent review, evaluation, and improvement of its environmental performance. The complexity of environmental necessities being imposed on governments, companies, and citizens is increasing day-by-day. After all, people are continuously discovering new pernicious effects of our activities on humans and their living environment. At the base, environmental caring system lays a thorough knowledge of the different environmental aspects and risks deriving from human activities, products, and services by launching procedures and guidelines and by informing and guiding human activities, where needed, can be able to keep the environmental impact to a minimum. This Session about Environmental Management offers research and opinions on use and conservation of natural resources, protection of habitats and control of hazards, spanning the field of environmental management without regard to traditional disciplinary boundaries and aims to improve communication, making ideas and results from any field available to practitioners from other backgrounds.
From space-borne instruments and components to data systems and modeling, a broad range of technologies has been developed for the scientific observation and measurement of Earth. These advanced technologies are also used for NASA operational requirements as well as practical applications that benefit society at large. Earth Science & Technology will be a multidisciplinary gathering and present areas such as Earth Science, Climate Change, Space Research, New Technology’s, education and policies. These also include urban area management, sustainable development and nature protection, regional and local planning, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, health, civil protection, infrastructure, transport and mobility, as well as tourism. The forum of Scientists, students, and researchers from all corners of the globe, come together to discuss future science & Technology. This session of the meeting will be included with expert lectures, poster and discussions, join us to design sustainable development processes, innovations by which and how these strategies drive new policies, advances the business and human health protection.
The Environmental Studies address the nature of the Earth's environment, explore the human relationship with nature, assess the role and impact of current and historical environmental policy decisions, and to search for more sustainable development alternatives. The environmental movement has had remarkable success in certainly limited territories, however environmental concerns remain relatively low on the general public agenda, and global challenges like climate change and species extinction seem increasingly intractable. The interdisciplinary nature of the Environmental Studies is truly the strength of our program; which explains about Environmental Art, Urban Environmental History, Nature Writing, Biology and Ecology, Geology and Hydrology, Environmental Psychology, Culture, and the Environment, and Environmental Economics just to name a few. We strongly emphasize interdisciplinary approaches to deal with critical thinking, and understand the complexity of environmental issues, and easily grasp that multiple perspectives are important to achieve significant solutions.