Earth Science 2019 Meeting & Hospitality
The Republic of Singapore, the second-smallest country in Asia, consists of Singapore Island and a number of other smaller adjacent islets. Set within the Indian Ocean off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore has a locality of 693 sq km (268 sq mi). Singapore is connected to the near western portion of Malaysia by a causeway 1,056 m (3,465 ft) long across the narrow Johore Strait. Singapore's position at the eastern end of the Strait of Malacca, that separates western Malaysia and therefore the Indonesian island of Sumatra, has given it economic and strategic importance out of proportion to its tiny size. Singapore's capital town, Singapore, is found on the country's southern coast.
Singapore Island is usually low-lying, green, undulating country with a small range of hills at the middle. The very best purpose of the island is Bukit Timah (166 m/545 ft). There are sections of rainforest within the center and large mangrove swamps along the coast that has several inlets, notably within the north and west. Singapore's harbor is wide, deep, and well protected. The longest stream, the Seletar, is just 14 km (9 mi) long. The climate is tropical, with significant rain and high humidity. The temperature ranges slightly; the typical annual most is 31°c (88°f), and the average minimum 24°c (75°f). The annual rain of 237 cm (93 in) is distributed fairly equally throughout the year, starting from 39 cm (15 in) in December to 28 cm (11 in) in May.
The population of Singapore in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations (UN) at 4,296,000 that placed it at variety 119 in population among the 193 nations of the globe. Singapore is nearly a city-state, and therefore the entire population (100%) is considered urban. The folks of Singapore are predominantly of Chinese origin, with the ethnic Chinese accounting for concerning 76.8% of the population. There are four official languages widely used in Singapore: Chinese (Mandarin dialect), Malay, English, and Tamil. English is that the principal medium of the presidency and is widely utilized in commerce; it is spoken by about 23% of the population.
Singapore is recognized as the largest container port in the world, which has anchorage facilities that can accommodate supertankers. Around 600 shipping lines, flying the flags of about all the oceanic countries of the world usually call at Singapore. The commercial air service in Singapore was inaugurated in 1930. In 2004, there were 10 airports, 9 of which had paved runways as of 2005. The two principal air stations are Changi International and Seletar Airport. Singapore's own carrier is Singapore Airlines. Singapore's sole rail facility is a 38.6-km (24-mi) area of the Malayan Railways, which joins Singapore to Kuala Lumpur. There is also an 83km (52-mi) mass transit system with 48 stations.